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Bioimpedance spectroscopy for the estimation of body fluid volumes in mice

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Conventional indicator dilution techniques for measuring body fluid volume are laborious, expensive, and highly invasive. Bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS) may be a useful alternative due to being rapid, minimally invasive, and allowing repeated measurements. BIS has not been reported in mice; hence we examined how well BIS estimates body fluid volume in mice. Using C57/Bl6 mice, the BIS system demonstrated <5% intermouse variation in total body water (TBW) and extracellular (ECFV) and intracellular fluid volume (ICFV)…

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Acute effects of endothelin receptor antagonists on hepatic hemodynamics of cirrhotic and noncirrhotic rats

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Hepatic and circulating endothelin-1 (ET-1) are increased in patients with cirrhosis and in cirrhotic animals. However, the distinct roles of ET receptor subtypes ETA and ETB in cirrhosis and portal hypertension (PHT) have not been clearly elucidated. Thus, we studied the effects of selective ET-1 antagonists (ETA-ant or ETB-ant) and nonselective ET-1 antagonist (ETA/B-ant) on hepatic hemodynamics in cirrhotic rats. Liver fibrosis and PHT were induced by complete bile duct ligation (BDL) in rats. Two…

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MicroRNAs miR-143 and miR-145 modulate cytoskeletal dynamics and responsiveness of smooth muscle cells to injury

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Vascular injury triggers dedifferentiation and cytoskeletal remodeling of smooth muscle cells (SMCs), culminating in vessel occlusion. Serum response factor (SRF) and its coactivator, myocardin, play a central role in the control of smooth muscle phenotypes by regulating the expression of cytoskeletal genes. We show that SRF and myocardin regulate a cardiovascular-specific microRNA (miRNA) cluster encoding miR-143 and miR-145. To assess the functions of these miRNAs in vivo, we systematically deleted them singly and in combination...
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